More Indian nationals are seeking Covid-19 tests in Kathmandu post lockdownThe Health Ministry starts collecting random samples of people entering Kathmandu Valley, but public health experts stress mandatory tests for all travellers.
The number of Indian nationals seeking coronavirus tests in Kathmandu have risen several fold after the lockdown was lifted, according to the Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital.
According to the hospital, around 120 to 150 Indian nationals are seeking tests every day, which was 20 to 30 prior to ending the lockdown.
Over 1,200 people have been visiting the hospital daily for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests. Of them, 10 to 15 percent are from the Indian states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, according to the hospital administration.
Five people tested positive for coronavirus infection in Kathmandu on Sunday. All five of them had come from India after the government lifted the lockdown on July 21, according to Sukraraj hospital.
“The five Indian nationals had come to Nepal to do business. They have been undergoing treatment in the hospital after their test results came positive,” Dr Sagar Rajbhandari, the hospital director, told the Post.
The government has been claiming that it has restricted land crossings and prevented foreign nationals from entering the country even though the lockdown has ended. The rise in the number of Indian nationals seeking tests, however, suggests otherwise.
Meanwhile, the Health Ministry has started collecting random samples of people entering Kathmandu Valley via Nagdhunga and Sanga Bhanjyang entry points to study the infection rate among the people coming from other districts.
“We will contact those individuals whose test results come positive and trace their contacts here in the Valley as well as in their respective districts,” said Dr Jageshwor Gautam, spokesperson for the Health Ministry. “We will also ask all people entering the Valley to observe self quarantine.”
Dr Sameer Kumar Adhikari at the ministry told the Post that the target is to collect 10,000 samples from the people entering the Valley from both the coronavirus hotspots and areas with low infection risk.
Public health experts however, say that the risk of coronavirus transmission communities will remain if people who are travelling from one place to another are let off without tests or mandatory quarantine.
“One could meet several people during their travel and if they are infected, they could transmit the virus to their family members and in the community,” said Dr Sher Bahadur Pun, chief of the Clinical Research Unit at Sukraraj hospital, emphasising compulsory coronavirus tests of people entering the Valley as well as those travelling from one place to another.
“Furthermore, for many working class people and those who rely on daily wages to survive, it is not possible for them to remain in isolation and not go to work.”
Many Indian nationals come to Nepal for jobs and to do business.
“We have prioritised testing of those people coming from India and from bordering districts of Nepal,” said Rajbhandari, the director of Sukraraj hospital. “We have been providing free tests even to foreign nationals to mitigate the infection risk here in our country.”
The Ministry of Home Affairs has said it has been allowing Indian nationals to enter Nepal, who work in hydel projects, construction sites, factories, medical colleges with recommendations from the concerned ministries.
“They had entered Nepal showing negative reports of polymerase chain reaction tests,” Kedarnath Sharma, spokesperson for the Ministry of Home Affairs, told the Post.
Sharma concedes that some people may have been entering the country illegally.
“To stem illegal border crossing, we have increased border outposts of the Armed Police Force,” Sharma said.
Cases of Covid-19 cases have been rising at an alarming rate across the southern borders with over 48,000 daily cases for the last four days. According to Johns Hopkins University, over 3,17,000 new cases were recorded in India in the past week alone.
“If the government cannot restrict the movement of people coming from across the border, it should at least ensure that they are strictly observing the 14-day quarantine rule,” Dr Mingmar Gyelgen Sherpa, former director general at the Department of Health Services, said. “Otherwise, there is a great risk of the disease spreading in several communities at once, and the situation could go beyond the capacity of our healthcare system.”
Frequently asked questions about the coronavirus outbreak
UPDATED as of September 22, 2020
What is Covid-19?
Covid-19, short for coronavirus disease, is an illness caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, short for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Common symptoms of the disease include fever, dry cough, fatigue, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
How contagious is Covid-19?
Covid-19 can spread easily from person to person, especially in enclosed spaces. The virus can travel through the air in respiratory droplets produced when a sick person breathes, talks, coughs or sneezes. As the virus can also survive on plastic and steel surfaces for up to 72 hours and on cardboard for up to 24 hours, any contact with such surfaces can also spread the virus. Symptoms take between two to 14 days to appear, during which time the carrier is believed to be contagious.
Where did the virus come from?
The virus was first identified in Wuhan, China in late December. The coronavirus is a large family of viruses that is responsible for everything from the common cold to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). After an initial outbreak in Wuhan that spread across Hubei province, eventually infecting over 80,000 and killing more than 3,000, new infection rates in mainland China have dropped. However, the disease has since spread across the world at an alarming rate.
What is the current status of Covid-19?
The World Health Organisation has called the ongoing outbreak a “pandemic” and urged countries across the world to take precautionary measures. Covid-19 has spread to 213 countries and territories around the world and infected more than 31,405,983 people with 967,505 deaths and 22,990,260 recoveries. In South Asia, India has reported the highest number of infections at 5,557,573 with 88,943 deaths. While Pakistan has reported 306,304 confirmed cases with 6,420 deaths. Nepal has so far reported 65,276 cases with 427 deaths.
How dangerous is the disease?
The mortality rate for Covid-19 is estimated to be 3.6 percent, but new studies have put the rate slightly higher at 5.7 percent. Although Covid-19 is not too dangerous to young healthy people, older individuals and those with immune-compromised systems are at greater risk of death. People with chronic medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes and lung disease, or those who’ve recently undergone serious medical procedures, are also at risk.
How do I keep myself safe?
The WHO advises that the most important thing you can do is wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use hand sanitizers with at least 60 percent alcohol content. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unclean hands. Clean and disinfect frequently used surfaces like your computers and phones. Avoid large crowds of people. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist for longer than a few days.
Is it time to panic?
No. The government has imposed a lockdown to limit the spread of the virus. There is no need to begin stockpiling food, cooking gas or hand sanitizers. However, it is always prudent to take sensible precautions like the ones identified above.