China’s ban on outbound tours certain to affect the Visit Nepal campaignVisit Nepal plans to attract 350,000 Chinese tourists, which is looking increasingly unlikely in the face of the coronavirus outbreak.
Scrambling to contain the spread of the coronavirus epidemic, China has instructed all travel companies to temporarily stop selling international tour packages, presenting a significant challenge to Visit Nepal 2020.
The travel ban, if prolonged, could largely dampen Nepal’s ambitious Visit Nepal campaign this year, as the country plans to attract 350,000 Chinese travellers, the country’s second largest source market.
The ban could also significantly impact the country’s economy as restaurants, hotels, and transportation and trade sectors could be hit significantly in February and March and slacken through the rest of the year even if the virus is controlled, industry insiders said.
On Sunday, China’s Ministry of Culture and Tourism issued an emergency notice ordering national travel agencies and online travel companies to temporarily suspend tour packages.
“From now on, national travel agencies and online travel companies will temporarily suspend business group travel and ‘ticket + hotel’ travel products,” said the notice.
However, groups that are already out of the country will be allowed to complete their itinerary.
As of Sunday, according to some Chinese airline representatives the Post spoke to, the travel ban has not affected airlines so far but could gradually impact them. Nepali travel trade entrepreneurs said that all tour packages sold for February have been cancelled.
“Some Chinese airlines in Nepal have issued a notice that they will fully refund passengers if they wish to cancel their tips,” said Shyam Raj Thapaliya, managing director at the Osho World Travel Nepal travel agency. “Cancellations, however, have not begun yet. But no travel means no flights.”
Even transit passengers are inquiring about their flight status, he said.
The travel restriction may impact around 120 weekly flights movements to and from Kathmandu and may cause a loss of billions of rupees to the travel and trade industry.
“We were expecting February and March to be bumper months because we [tour operators] had arranged dozens of charter flights to bring in tourists from China as scheduled flights were already sold out,” said Bishwesh Shrestha, managing director of Shuang Qi Tours and C&K Nepal Treks, one of the major travel agencies handling Chinese tourists.
“Based on the current booking trend, we were expecting possibly 300,000 Chinese tourists this year,” he said. “We cannot say right now what the impact of the virus outbreak will be on our business.”
As the Chinese government has issued a notice to airlines and tour operators not to charge cancellation fees, the travel trade in Nepal and China is set to lose a lot of money, said Shrestha.
“Airlines will be hit the most,” he said.
The move comes at the start of the Lunar New Year holidays when millions of Chinese travel across the country and abroad.
Kishore Raj Pandey, chairman of Saathi Nepal Travel and Tours, the first tour operator to bring Chinese tourists to Nepal, said arrivals from China could plunge to zero in February, a key month for travel.
There were more than 16,000 Chinese holidaymakers in February last year.
“Bookings for nearly 700 Chinese tourists in February from my company alone have been cancelled,” said Pandey. Bookings from China had been ‘encouraging’ from the start of this year following Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to Nepal last October.
Tourism entrepreneurs said that strengthening Nepal-China ties had become a
'silver lining' for the Nepali tourism industry.
“The peak season is gone. It’s difficult for the growth momentum to continue,” Pandey told the Post. “If the travel ban is extended for a longer period—possibly up to March—the impact on travel businesses will be catastrophic.”
Arrivals from China rose 10.35 percent to 169,543 individuals last year. Among them, 151,200 came by air.
Last Thursday, private carrier Himalaya Airlines added Chongqing, a city in southwestern China, to its network, following Beijing, Changsha, Guiyang and Shenzhen. The same day, Chongqing confirmed five cases of infection from the virus.
Vijay Shrestha, vice-president of administration at Himalaya Airlines, said they have been discussing whether they should also temporarily suspend Kathmandu-Beijing flights.
“We have already suspended or postponed flights on other sectors like Chongqing, Changsha, Guiyang and Shenzhen,” Shrestha told the Post. “As the Chinese government has been taking the virus threat seriously, we don’t think the travel ban will continue for long.”
But according to tourism entrepreneurs, Nepal does not have alternatives to Chinese tourism’s contributions to Visit Nepal.
“It’s Visit Nepal year and if one source market suffers, the momentum should not stop,” said Ashok Pokhrel, a tourism entrepreneur. “But I don’t think the government has a Plan B.”
China on Sunday morning announced 15 more deaths from the new coronavirus, including one in Shanghai, the first reported so far in the metropolis. Across the country, 688 new cases of the virus were diagnosed on Saturday, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 1,975.
Since the beginning of the year and the national tourism campaign, Nepal’s tourism industry has already seen a number of high-profile mishaps. Earlier this month, a family of Indian tourists died from suffocation inside a poorly ventilated resort room and a number of South Korean trekkers went missing in the Annapurna area. Politicisation has also prevented the appointment of a new chief at the country’s tourism promotion body, which industry insiders say clearly shows that no one in the country is taking the responsibility to promote tourism.
“The dependency on a single market is not a good strategy, and Nepal seems to have its priorities misplaced,” said tourism entrepreneur Shrestha. “Nepal needs to be able to tell the world that it’s safe here. Otherwise, Visit Nepal is finished.”
Frequently asked questions about the coronavirus outbreak
UPDATED as of August 10, 2020
What is Covid-19?
Covid-19, short for coronavirus disease, is an illness caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, short for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Common symptoms of the disease include fever, dry cough, fatigue, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
How contagious is Covid-19?
Covid-19 can spread easily from person to person, especially in enclosed spaces. The virus can travel through the air in respiratory droplets produced when a sick person breathes, talks, coughs or sneezes. As the virus can also survive on plastic and steel surfaces for up to 72 hours and on cardboard for up to 24 hours, any contact with such surfaces can also spread the virus. Symptoms take between two to 14 days to appear, during which time the carrier is believed to be contagious.
Where did the virus come from?
The virus was first identified in Wuhan, China in late December. The coronavirus is a large family of viruses that is responsible for everything from the common cold to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). After an initial outbreak in Wuhan that spread across Hubei province, eventually infecting over 80,000 and killing more than 3,000, new infection rates in mainland China have dropped. However, the disease has since spread across the world at an alarming rate.
What is the current status of Covid-19?
The World Health Organisation has called the ongoing outbreak a “pandemic” and urged countries across the world to take precautionary measures. Covid-19 had spread to 213 countries and infected more than 19,773,447 people with 729,393 deaths and 12,545,567 recoveries. In South Asia, India has reported the highest number of infections at 2,153,010 with 423,379 deaths. While Pakistan has reported 284,121 confirmed cases with 6,082 deaths. Nepal has so far reported 22,972 cases with 75 deaths.
How dangerous is the disease?
The mortality rate for Covid-19 is estimated to be 3.6 percent, but new studies have put the rate slightly higher at 5.7 percent. Although Covid-19 is not too dangerous to young healthy people, older individuals and those with immune-compromised systems are at greater risk of death. People with chronic medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes and lung disease, or those who’ve recently undergone serious medical procedures, are also at risk.
How do I keep myself safe?
The WHO advises that the most important thing you can do is wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use hand sanitizers with at least 60 percent alcohol content. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unclean hands. Clean and disinfect frequently used surfaces like your computers and phones. Avoid large crowds of people. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist for longer than a few days.
Is it time to panic?
No. The government has imposed a lockdown to limit the spread of the virus. There is no need to begin stockpiling food, cooking gas or hand sanitizers. However, it is always prudent to take sensible precautions like the ones identified above.