Major coronavirus crisis looms as Health Ministry reduces sample collection and test rangeHealth experts warn the government is making a serious mistake by lowering the test numbers.
Health experts have said that the country is veering towards a major coronavirus crisis as the government has reduced the sample collection and daily testing range and touting the declining infection cases as an achievement.
The daily infection rates of the past couple of days suggest that coronavirus is dissipating, and the Ministry of Health and Population has claimed that the cases are declining by the day.
On Thursday 108 people tested positive for the coronavirus infection, which causes Covid-19. The number was 255 on Wednesday, 204 on Tuesday and 180 on Monday.
However, the decline in the number of infections does not support the government claim, as the Health Ministry has reduced the daily test numbers in recent days.
Only 4,588 samples were tested on Thursday. Earlier, over 7,000 samples used to be tested daily, hence the high number of infection cases.
"No case will be detected if you stopped the tests," Dr Mingmar Gyelgen Sherpa, former director general at the Department of Health Services, told the Post. "If the government is in a hurry to declare the country free of coronavirus, it could stop the tests, but that doesn’t mean this will address the risk."
The Health Ministry had vowed to perform 10,000 daily tests from June 29, a decision that was prompted following the youth-led protests against the government’s poor handling of the Covid-19 pandemic.
But instead of increasing the tests, the ministry has revised its guidelines, effectively narrowing the range of sample collection for the coronavirus tests.
The ministry has also issued a strict direction to the health workers to follow the revised guidelines by the book while collecting swab samples from suspected coronavirus infected individuals, or else the concerned health facilities will have to bear the test expenses.
The ministry’s edict has led to a severe decline in the daily number of sample collection.
Earlier, thousands of samples used to be in the test queue. There were no samples in the queue on Thursday.
"We are making a serious mistake by reducing our sample collection range. Obviously, decline in the test numbers will give you fewer positive cases, but that doesn’t mean there is no risk,"Dr Bhagwan Koirala, chairman of Nepal Medical Council, said. "We must expand the testing criteria as suggested by the global scientific community."
Coronavirus infections are being reported among the people who have not come into contact with the infected individuals and have not been to the infected areas. Infections have also been reported among the patients and health workers in non-Covid hospitals.
The number of such infections are in hundreds, and yet the government has been maintaining that the coronavirus infection has not reached the community transmission stage.
Health experts say the government’s decision to reduce the test numbers at this time could be deleterious.
Dr Koirala said the government is making a fool of itself by claiming that there are no cases of community transmission as the public at large and medical professionals do not believe this claim
"It will be very difficult to control the situation if the virus were to spread in wider communities. Fewer tests at this time means jeopardising the public health," he said. "We have to increase our test range, focus on contact tracing and isolate the infected people. That’s our best bet."
Health experts have urged the government to immediately revise its testing guidelines to increase the sample collection range before there are multiple community infection outbreaks.
According to the existing test guidelines, one must exhibit all symptoms associated with the coronavirus infection in order to get the free test.
This method is dangerous because there are many poor patients who simply cannot afford to pay for polymerase chain reaction tests.
"The government has been testing the people who have returned from the disease-hit countries, those placed in quarantines and the people who have come into contact with the above two groups," Dr Anup Subedee, an expert on infectious disease, told the Post. "Instead of increasing the test range, we are reducing the tests. This is too dangerous. "
Subedee added the increase in infection rates among health workers means the transmission rate of coronavirus has increased significantly.
The Health Ministry has narrowed the testing range based on a wrong argument: testing is not treatment and the country cannot afford more tests.
“In order to mitigate the risk, we should test all symptomatic patients and conduct random tests on people in the hotspots as well as health workers,” Dr Anup Bastola, spokesperson for Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital in Teku, Kathmandu, said.
Frequently asked questions about the coronavirus outbreak
UPDATED as of August 15, 2020
What is Covid-19?
Covid-19, short for coronavirus disease, is an illness caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, short for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Common symptoms of the disease include fever, dry cough, fatigue, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
How contagious is Covid-19?
Covid-19 can spread easily from person to person, especially in enclosed spaces. The virus can travel through the air in respiratory droplets produced when a sick person breathes, talks, coughs or sneezes. As the virus can also survive on plastic and steel surfaces for up to 72 hours and on cardboard for up to 24 hours, any contact with such surfaces can also spread the virus. Symptoms take between two to 14 days to appear, during which time the carrier is believed to be contagious.
Where did the virus come from?
The virus was first identified in Wuhan, China in late December. The coronavirus is a large family of viruses that is responsible for everything from the common cold to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). After an initial outbreak in Wuhan that spread across Hubei province, eventually infecting over 80,000 and killing more than 3,000, new infection rates in mainland China have dropped. However, the disease has since spread across the world at an alarming rate.
What is the current status of Covid-19?
The World Health Organisation has called the ongoing outbreak a “pandemic” and urged countries across the world to take precautionary measures. Covid-19 has spread to 213 countries and territories around the world and infected more than 21,066,992 people with 762,997 deaths and 13,441,913 recoveries. In South Asia, India has reported the highest number of infections at 2,461,190 with 48,040 deaths. While Pakistan has reported 287,300 confirmed cases with 6,153 deaths. Nepal has so far reported 26,019 cases with 102 deaths.
How dangerous is the disease?
The mortality rate for Covid-19 is estimated to be 3.6 percent, but new studies have put the rate slightly higher at 5.7 percent. Although Covid-19 is not too dangerous to young healthy people, older individuals and those with immune-compromised systems are at greater risk of death. People with chronic medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes and lung disease, or those who’ve recently undergone serious medical procedures, are also at risk.
How do I keep myself safe?
The WHO advises that the most important thing you can do is wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use hand sanitizers with at least 60 percent alcohol content. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unclean hands. Clean and disinfect frequently used surfaces like your computers and phones. Avoid large crowds of people. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist for longer than a few days.
Is it time to panic?
No. The government has imposed a lockdown to limit the spread of the virus. There is no need to begin stockpiling food, cooking gas or hand sanitizers. However, it is always prudent to take sensible precautions like the ones identified above.