Major clean-up campaign hopes to rid Everest of 10,000kg of garbageEvery year, hundreds of climbers, Sherpas and high altitude porters make their way to Everest, leaving behind tonnes of both biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste, including empty oxygen canisters, kitchen waste, beer bottles and faecal matter.
A major new campaign hopes to clean up Mount Everest by collecting and bringing back tonnes of garbage from the world's highest peak.
The 45-day ‘Everest Cleaning Campaign’, led by Solukhumbu district’s Khumbu Pasanglhamu Rural Municipality, is one of Nepal’s most ambitious clean-up projects for Everest, which has lately acquired notoriety as the ‘world’s highest garbage dump’. The campaign, which began on April 14 with the Nepali new year, aims to collect nearly 10,000 kgs of garbage from Everest.
Every year, hundreds of climbers, Sherpas and high altitude porters make their way to Everest, leaving behind tonnes of both biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste, including empty oxygen canisters, kitchen waste, beer bottles and faecal matter.
The campaign will collect and bring back 5,000kg of waste from Everest Base Camp, 2,000kg from South Col, and a combined 3,000kg from Camp I and Camp II, according to Danduraj Ghimire, director general of the Department of Tourism.
“Our goal is to extract as much waste as possible from Everest so as to restore glory to the mountain,” Ghimire told the press conference organised at the Department of Tourism in Kathmandu. “Everest is not just the crown of the world, but our pride.”
Khumbu locals, conservationists and environmental activists have long pointed out the garbage accumulating on Everest, warning of a potential environmental and health catastrophe. The government, too, has been concerned that the trash would tarnish the mountain’s magnificence.
There have been attempts in the past to clean up Everest, including a 2014 government-mandated provision making it mandatory for every climber to come down the peak with at least 8kg of garbage—the amount of trash estimated to be produced by one climber.
“If only climbers brought back their own waste, it would greatly help keep Everest clean,” said Ghimire. “It’s not about the 8kg waste, but bringing back the waste they produce.”
Besides trash, the campaign will also attempt to retrieve dead bodies from Everest. The clean-up campaign has already discovered four bodies of dead climbers on the mountain. Everest is a treacherous mountain and every year, a number of climbers don’t make it back. Their bodies are often abandoned on the mountain since bringing them back would pose too great a risk. This has led to the mountain becoming a veritable graveyard.
A recent BBC report said that the melting of glaciers was now exposing the bodies, which are usually covered by layers of snow and ice. Officials said that these bodies will be brought back and those unidentified will be cremated as per legal procedures.
“Everything on Everest, other than rock and snow, will be brought back,” said Tika Ram Gurung, secretary of the Nepal Mountaineering Association. “The goal is to send the message that we should keep this mountain pollution free.”
A 12-member team, which includes Nepal Army personnel, has been deployed for the clean-up campaign. From among the 12, a group of eight sherpas will be based at Camp II with three members taking turns moving towards Camp IV on the South Col, collecting garbage. The team will spend five days at South Col.
Since mid-April, the campaign has already gathered nearly 3,000kg of waste, out of which 2,000kg has been deposited at landfills in Okhaldhunga and the rest has been handed over to the social enterprise Blue Waste to Value, a recycling organisation.
The clean-up team is currently at Everest Base Camp and will march towards Camp II on Monday, said Ghimire. The team will go as high as they can, collecting and bringing back garbage.
The month-and-a-half clean-up campaign is supported by a number of governmental and non-governmental agencies, including the federal Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation; Ministry of Forest and Environment; Nepal Army; provincial Ministry of Industry, Tourism, Forest and Environment; Nepal Mountaineering Association; and Sagarmatha Pollution Control Committee. The cost of the campaign is estimated at Rs23 million.
“Initially, we thought we might lack funds, but we’ve managed adequate resources so far with support still pouring in,” said Ghimire. “Additional funds can always be used for similar clean-up campaigns on other peaks.”
Various private sector entities have also pledged financial support, including banks, multinational companies and not-for-profit organisations.
Three army helicopters—two to carry garbage and one for rescue operations—will be on standby, said Brigadier General Bigyan Dev Pandey, spokesperson for the Nepal Army.
The campaign will conclude on May 29, the day which is marked every year to commemorate the first summit of Everest by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953. The collected waste will then be ‘showcased’ in Namche, before being ferried down to Kathmandu, where it will once again be showcased on World Environment Day, June 5. Only then will it finally be sent out for recycling, said officials.